Captivity to the Tabernacle
March 7, 2021
20 And God spoke all these words:
2 “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of Egypt, out of the land of slavery.
3 “You shall have no other gods before[a] me.
4 “You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anything in heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the waters below. 5 You shall not bow down to them or worship them; for I, the Lord your God, am a jealous God, punishing the children for the sin of the parents to the third and fourth generation of those who hate me, 6 but showing love to a thousand generations of those who love me and keep my commandments.
7 “You shall not misuse the name of the Lord your God, for the Lord will not hold anyone guiltless who misuses his name.
8 “Remember the Sabbath day by keeping it holy. 9 Six days you shall labor and do all your work, 10 but the seventh day is a sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, neither you, nor your son or daughter, nor your male or female servant, nor your animals, nor any foreigner residing in your towns. 11 For in six days the Lord made the heavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he rested on the seventh day. Therefore the Lord blessed the Sabbath day and made it holy.
12 “Honor your father and your mother, so that you may live long in the land the Lord your God is giving you.
13 “You shall not murder.
14 “You shall not commit adultery.
15 “You shall not steal.
16 “You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.
17 “You shall not covet your neighbor’s house. You shall not covet your neighbor’s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox or donkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.”
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The moment had arrived for which all preceding events had prepared Israel. God was now to reveal His law, by which they were to relate themselves to Him and by which they were to order their lives. The first part occupies most of chapters 20–23, and is called “the book of the covenant” (24:7) since it sets forth the basis of the agreement between Jehovah and Israel. Many scholars mark 20:22 as the beginning of the Book of the Covenant, thus omitting the Ten Commandments. However 20:1 begins the recounting of the Ten Commandments by reference to these words and 21:1 begins the central portion of the remainder by reference to “these … ordinances.” In 34:28b, “the words of the covenant” are identified as “the ten commandments,” or as the Hebrew literally says, “the ten words.” In 24:3 it is said that Moses told the people “all the words” and “all the ordinances,” and in 24:4 that he wrote “all the words” in what must have been called immediately after the Book of the Covenant. Thus it is apparent that the Ten Commandments were in the Book of the Covenant, and it is probable that the ordinances were also included.
Notes from Point 1
Notes from Point 2
Notes from Point 3
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 Lee Haines, “The Book of Exodus,” in Genesis-Deuteronomy, vol. 1:1, The Wesleyan Bible Commentary (Grand Rapids, MI: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1967), 227.