Hudson View Baptist Church
Majoring on the Major Prophets
August 18, 2021

Majoring on the Major Prophets

August 18, 2021

Majoring on the Major Prophets

Isaiah, Jeremiah, Lamentations, Ezekiel, Daniel

 

Prophets in the Bible

-Prophet = God’s spokesman who warned about/promised future events, urged God’s people to turn from sin, gave them hope, and taught about God’s character.

-The period of the prophets covered seven hundred years from about 1050 B.C. (Samuel) to 350 B.C. (Malachi).

-Christians should study the prophets for 6 reasons:

• Jesus quoted them, used their terminology, and alluded to them.

• God revealed Himself to them. Prophets revealed God to man.

• The prophets were fascinating, heroic, inspired, and strong men of God.

• They were concerned about society’s problems (which are still contemporary problems) and proposed answers.

• Their writings form a basis for the new covenant, the church, and the books of the New Testament (Luke 24:27).

• One cannot fully understand Christianity without understanding them.

 

He’s Coming! (Isaiah)

-Isaiah prophesied to the nation of Judah during the reigns of Uzziah, Jotham, Ahaz, and Hezekiah.

-During his life Isaiah saw the northern kingdom carried away into slavery. He warned Judah that it would also be enslaved because the people did not keep away from idols (2:8–9).

-Isaiah promised the return of a remnant of God’s people (10:20–22). He also proclaimed God’s promises about the coming of a great King and His kingdom (9:6–7). This would be the Messiah.

Isaiah

Prophecy

New Testament

Fulfillment

7:10-14

Virgin birth

Matthew 1:18-23

Jesus was born by the Holy Spirit without a human father

9:6-7

A great King coming

Luke 1:32-33

Jesus would be King & reign on David’s throne

28:16

Cornerstone

1 Peter 2:4-6

Jesus became the cornerstone of God’s plan of salvation

35:5-6

Healing

Luke 7:20-22

Jesus healed

53:4-6

Suffer for us

Mt. 8:16-17;

1 Pet. 2:24-25

Jesus suffered for our sins

53:7

Will not defend Himself

1 Pet. 2:23; (Acts 8:32)

Jesus did not pay back His enemies

53:9

Killed as a criminal; buried with the rich

1 Pet. 2:22; Lk. 23:32-33, 50-53

Jesus was sinless but was executed like a criminal and buried in a rich man’s tomb

59:16-21

Redeemer

Galatians 3:13-14

Jesus bought us and redeemed us from the Law’s curse

61:1-2

Spirit anoints Him for His work

Lk. 4:16-21

Jesus says this passage describes His mission and ministry

Weeping Prophet (Jeremiah & Lamentations)

-Jeremiah prophesied to the southern kingdom of Judah (1:2). He saw five kings on that kingdom’s throne: Josiah, Jehoahaz, Jehoiakim, Jehoiachin, and Zedekiah.

-Jeremiah was the son of a priest in Anathoth (1:1). He had a scribe named Baruch who wrote God’s words through Jeremiah’s dictation (36:4).

-Jeremiah lived in an unhappy time. He watched Josiah’s revival fade. He saw Jerusalem invaded by foreign armies four times. The final invasion completed the destruction of the temple and the city wall. Judah’s last four kings hated him, as did the priests, the false prophets, and the leaders of Jerusalem. They beat him, put him in stocks (20:1–3), tried to kill him (26:7–9), threw him into a dungeon (37:11–16) and a muddy cistern (38:6).

-Once, Jeremiah dictated a prophecy that Baruch wrote on a scroll. Baruch read it to the people. When King Jehoiakim heard about the scroll, he cut it up and burned it. God told Jeremiah to write the scroll again, so he did (36:1–32).

-He sometimes felt depressed because everyone rejected him. (20:7–8)

-Jeremiah cried not only about his own problems but also about the terrible things the Jews brought on themselves by their disobedience. Therefore, Jeremiah is often called the “weeping prophet.” (9:1)

-After the destruction of Jerusalem, Jeremiah wrote Lamentations, a poem lamenting the city’s death. In that book he compared Jerusalem to a widow who had lost everything. She was once a princess (queen) among the provinces but had now become a slave (1:1).

-The book is not all sadness. Jeremiah praises God’s compassion in 3:22–33.

-Jeremiah advises Jerusalem’s citizens to examine their lives, repent, and ask God for forgiveness (3:40–42).

 

God’s Actor (Ezekiel)

-Ezekiel preached in Tel-abib, a city near the Chebar River in the land of the Chaldeans, which is more commonly known as Babylon (1:3; 3:15).

-God gave Ezekiel 3 main responsibilities as a “watchman” (3:17-21; 33:1-9):

  1. Warn the wicked – we can too!
  2. Warn the righteous to avoid sin – encourage to do right!
  3. Warn of danger (judgment & punishment for sin) – tell of Jesus!

Text

God’s command to Ezekiel

What It Symbolized

4:1-3

Draw map of Jerusalem surrounded by an enemy

Siege of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar

4:4-5

Lie flat on your left side for 390 days

Bearing sins of northern kingdom for 390 years

4:6-8

Lie on your right side for 40 days

Bearing southern kingdom’s sin for 40 years

4:9-17

Eat food cooked over cow manure

Defiled food that would be eaten by the exiles

5:1-12

Shave your head and beard. Divide the hair into thirds—burn a third, strike a third with the sword, and scatter a third to the wind

God’s destruction of Judah—1/3 die by plague/famine, 1/3 die by the sword, and 1/3 scatter as exiles

12:1-16

Pack your bags for exile and dig through the wall in the night

Picture of Zedekiah’s attempted escape, exile of his people, and his blindness (eyes put out)

12:17-19

Tremble as you eat and drink

Citizens of Jerusalem eating with fear and anxiety

21:6-7

Weep in public

Destruction coming to the Jewish people, after which they will weep and wail

21:18-24

Draw a map with 2 routes for the Babylonian king to follow

King’s decision to take the road to Jerusalem and to destroy it

24:15-27

Do not mourn when your wife dies

Jerusalem will fall, their pride & joy (the temple) destroyed, loved ones killed, and no mourning

 

Daring Daniel (Daniel)

1. Daniel came to Babylon because (1:1–6):

a. He wanted a vacation.                b. He was running away.

c. Nebuchadnezzar brought him.    d. God told him to preach there.

2. Daniel was chosen to be educated in the palace because (1:3–6):

a. He interpreted the king’s dream. b. He came from a royal family.

c. He was smart and handsome.    d. He qualified to serve in the king’s palace.

3. Daniel’s friends’ names were changed to (1:6–7):

a. Larry, Moe, and Curly.                     b. Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego.

c. Hananiah, Mishael, and Azariah.    d. Jehoiakim, Jadez, and Belteshazzar.

4. Daniel and his friends (1:8–20):

a. Grew stronger, wiser, and healthier than the other trainees.

b. Were placed in the king’s service.

c. Were sent to Jerusalem.     d. Liked green eggs and ham.

5. The king ordered all of the wise men put to death because (2:1–13):

a. None of them could describe and interpret his dream.

b. Some of them would not bow down to him.

c. They predicted he would lose a battle and be killed.

d. They brought home bad report cards.

6. Daniel told Nebuchadnezzar (2:26–28):

a. No one could interpret the dream.       b. He could interpret the dream.

c. Only God could interpret the dream.    d. God gave him the dream.

7. Nebuchadnezzar dreamed about (2:31–35):

a. A large, dazzling statue.                               b. Being chased by killer cows.

c. Seven lean cows eating seven fat cows.    d. Being dethroned.

8. Nebuchadnezzar made a gold image and declared (3:1–6):

a. “Throw away all of your other gods and worship only this image.”

b. “When you hear the music, worship this image.”

c. “Whoever touches the statue will have his fingernails peeled off.”

d. “Whoever does not bow down to this image will be thrown into a blazing furnace.”

9. When Shadrach, Meshach, and Abednego refused to worship the image, Nebuchadnezzar (3:8–29):

a. Got mad.

b. Gave them a second chance.

c. Threw them into a blazing furnace.

d. Made them eat raw chicken livers.

*Study from Route 66: Travel Through the Bible by Mark Reed, Positive Action for Christ, Inc.

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